German Oshkosh & the Turners
Historical Topics

German Oshkosh & the Turners

  By Thomas J. Rowland A German gymnastic movement, spawned by Napoleon’s occupation of most of the German States in the early 19th century, the Turners (Turnverein) made their arrival in America in the wake of the failed liberal revolutions of 1848. This underscores the reality that the Turner movement was rooted in as much … Continue reading